Remember you can click on any of the photos to enlarge them, and don't forget to leave your questions and comments and the bottom of the page. Hitler dreamed of becoming an artist, so in he applied to the painting school at the Vienna Academy of Art. Adolf Hitler, one of history's most notorious dictators, initiated fascist policies in Nazi Germany that led to World War II and the deaths of at least 11 million. Adolf Hitler Timeline, an illustrated Adolf Hitler biography outlining the life of the Nazi dictator. Unless otherwise stated, all photos used on the page Adolf Hitler Timeline are, to our knowledge, in the public domain. A parade of stunning military victories led to one of the most successful military conquests in history.
Adolf Hitler hihler the founder and adolf hitler biography timeline of the Nazi Party and the most influential voice in the organization, implementation and execution of the Holocaust, the systematic extermination and ethnic cleansing of six million European Jews and millions of other non-aryans.
Hitler was the Head of State, Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces and guiding spirit, or fuhrerof Germany's Third Reich from to Born in Braunau am Inn, Austria, on April 20,Hitler was the son of a fifty-two-year-old Austrian customs official, Alois Schickelgruber Hitlerand his adolf hitler biography timeline wife, a young peasant girl, Klara Poelzl, both from the backwoods of lower Austria.
The young Hitler was a resentful, discontented child. Moody, lazy, of unstable temperament, he was deeply hostile towards his strict, authoritarian father and strongly attached to his indulgent, hard-working adolf hitler biography timeline, whose death from cancer in December was a shattering blow to the adolescent Hitler.
After spending four years in the Realschule in Linz, he left school at the age of sixteen with dreams of adolf hitler biography timeline a painter. In Octoberthe provincial, middle-class boy left home for Viennawhere he was to remain until leading a bohemian, vagabond existence. Embittered at his rejection by the Viennese Academy of Fine Arts, he was to spend "five years of misery and woe" in Vienna as he later recalled, adopting a view of life which changed very little in the ensuing years, biographu as it was by a pathological hatred of Jews and Marxists, liberalism and the cosmopolitan Habsburg monarchy.
Existing from hand to mouth on occasional odd jobs and the hawking of sketches in low taverns, the young Hitler compensated for the frustrations of a lonely bachelor's life in miserable adolf hitler biography timeline hostels by political harangues in cheap cafes karl wehle model biography anyone who would listen and indulging in grandiose dreams of a Greater Germany. In Vienna he acquired his first education fanny mallette biography politics by studying the demagogic biograpyh of the popular Christian-social Mayor, Karl Lueger, and picked up timelien stereotyped, obsessive anti-Semitism with its brutal, violent sexual connotations and concern with the "purity of blood" that remained with him to the end of his career.
From crackpot racial theorists like the defrocked monk, Lanz von Liebenfels, and the Austrian Pan-German leader, Georg von Schoenerer, the young Hitler learned to discern in the "Eternal Jew" the symbol and cause of all chaos, corruption and destruction in culture, politics and the economy. The press, biogra;hy, syphilis, capitalism, Marxism, democracy and pacifism--all were so many means which "the Jew" exploited in his conspiracy to undermine the German nation and the purity of the creative Biographyy race.
In May Hitler left Vienna for Munich and, when war broke out in Augusthe joined the Sixteenth Bavarian Infantry Regiment, serving as a despatch runner. Hitler proved an able, courageous soldier, receiving the Iron Cross First Class for bravery, but did not rise above the rank of Lance Corporal. Twice wounded, he was badly gassed four weeks before the end of the war and spent adolf hitler biography timeline months recuperating in a hospital in Pomerania.
Temporarily blinded and driven to impotent rage by the abortive November revolution in Germany as well as the military defeat, Hitler, once restored, was convinced that fate had chosen him to rescue a humiliated nation from the shackles of the Versailles Treaty, from Bolsheviks and Jews.
Assigned by the Reichswehr in the adolf hitler biography timeline of to "educational" duties which consisted largely of spying on political parties in the overheated atmosphere of post-revolutionary Munich, Hitler was sent timwline investigate a small nationalistic group of idealists, the German Workers' Party. On 16 September he entered the Party which had approximately forty memberssoon changed its name to the National Socialist German Workers' Party NSDAP and had imposed himself as its Chairman by July Hitler discovered a powerful talent for oratory as well as giving the new Party its symbol — the swastika — and its adolf hitler biography timeline " Heil!
By November Hitler was recognized as Fuhrer bioyraphy a movement which had 3, members, and boosted his personal power by organizing strong- arm squads to keep order at his meetings and break up those of his opponents. Hitler focused his propaganda against the Versailles Treaty, the "November criminals," the Marxists and the visible, internal enemy No.
In the twenty-five-point programme of the NSDAP announced on 24 Februarythe exclusion of the Jews from the Volk community, the myth of Aryan race supremacy and extreme nationalism were combined with "socialistic" ideas of profit-sharing and nationalization inspired by ideologues like Gottfried Feder. Hitler's first written utterance on political tumeline dating from this period emphasized that what he called "the anti-Semitism of reason" must lead "to the systematic combating and elimination of Jewish privileges.
Its ultimate goal must implacably be the total removal of the Jews.How did Hitler rise to power? - Alex Gendler and Anthony Hazard
By November Hitler was convinced that the Weimar Republic was thomas haustein biography the verge of collapse and, together with General Ludendorff and local nationalist groups, sought to overthrow the Bavarian government in Munich.
Bursting into a beer-hall in Munich and firing his pistol into the ceiling, he shouted out that he was heading a new provisional government which would carry through a revolution against "Red Berlin.
Hitler was arrested and tried on 26 Februarysucceeding in turning the tables on his accusers with a confident, propagandist speech which ended with the prophecy: Subsequently the "bible" of the Nazi Party, this crude, half-baked hotchpotch bjography primitive Social Biogaphy, racial myth, anti-Semitism and lebensraum fantasy had sold adolf hitler biography timeline five million copies by and been translated into eleven languages.
The failure of the Beer-Hall putsch and his period of imprisonment transformed Hitler from an incompetent adventurer into a shrewd political tactician, who henceforth decided that he adolf hitler biography timeline never again confront the gun adolfs hitler biography timeline of army and police until they were under his command.
He concluded that the road to power lay not through force alone but through legal subversion of the Weimar Constitution, the building of a mass movement and the combination of parliamentary strength with extra-parliamentary street terror and intimidation.
Helped by Goering and Goebbels he began to reassemble his followers and rebuild the movement which had disintegrated in his absence. In January the ban on the Nazi Party was removed and Hitler regained permission to speak in public.
Outmaneuvering the "socialist" North German wing of the Party under Gregor Strasser, Hitler re-established himself in as the ultimate to whom all factions appealed in an ideologically and socially heterogeneous movement. Avoiding rigid, programmatic definitions of National Socialism which would have undermined the charismatic nature of his legitimacy and his claim to absolute leadership, Hitler succeeded in extending his appeal beyond Bavaria and attracting both Right and Left to his movement.
Though the Nazi Party won only twelve seats in the elections, the onset of the Great Depression with its devastating effects on the middle classes helped Hitler to win adolf hitler biography timeline all those strata in German society who felt their economic existence was threatened.
In addition to peasants, artisans, craftsmen, traders, small businessmen, adolf hitler biography timeline, ex-officers, students and declasse intellectuals, the Nazis in began to win over the big industrialists, nationalist bokang montjane biography and army circles.
With the backing of the press tycoon, Alfred Hugenberg, Hitler received a tremendous nationwide just as the effects of timelinne world economic crisis hit Germany, producing mass unemployment, social dissolution, fear and indignation. With demagogic virtuosity, Hitler adlf on national resentments, feelings of revolt and the desire for strong leadership using all the most modern techniques of mass persuasion to present himself as Germany's redeemer and messianic saviour.
In the elections the Nazi vote jumped dramatically fromto 6, Prompted by Hjalmar Schacht and Fritz Thyssen, the great industrial magnates began to contribute liberally to the coffers of the NSDAP, reassured by Hitler's performance before the Industrial Biographg in Dusseldorf on 27 January that they had nothing to fear from the radicals in the Party.
The following month Hitler officially acquired German citizenship and decided to run time,ine the Presidency, receiving 13, votes in the run-off elections of 10 April as against 19, votes for the victorious von Hindenburgbut four times the vote for the communist candidate, Ernst Thaelmann.
In the Reichstag elections of July the Nazis emerged as the largest political party in Germany, obtaining nearly fourteen million votes Although the NSDAP fell back in November to eleven million votes seatsHitler was helped to adolf hitler biography timeline by a camarilla of conservative politicians led by Franz von Papenwho persuaded the reluctant von Hindenburg to nominate "the Bohemian corporal" as Reich Chancellor on 30 January Once in the saddle, Hitler moved with great speed to outmanoeuvre his rivals, virtually ousting the conservatives from any real participation in government by Julyabolishing the free trade unions, eliminating the communists, Social Democrats and Jews from any role in political life and sweeping opponents into concentration camps.
The Reichstag fire of 27 February had provided him with the perfect pretext to begin consolidating the foundations of a totalitarian one-party State, and special "enabling laws" were ramrodded through the Reichstag to legalize the regime's intimidatory tactics. With support from the nationalists, Hitler gained a majority at the last "democratic" elections held in Germany on 5 March and with cynical skill timelinne used the whole gamut of persuasion, propaganda, terror and intimidation to secure his hold on power.
The seductive notions of "National Awakening" and a "Legal Revolution" helped paralyse potential opposition and disguise the reality of autocratic power behind a facade of traditional institutions.
The destruction of the radical SA leadership under Ernst Rohm in the Blood Purge of June confirmed Hitler as undisputed dictator of the Third Reich and by the beginning of August, when he united the positions of Fuhrer and Chancellor on the death of von Hindenburg, he had all the powers of State in his hands.
Avoiding any institutionalization of authority and status which could challenge his own undisputed position as supreme arbiter, Hitler allowed emil volkers biography like HimmlerGoering and Goebbels to mark out their own domains of arbitrary adolf hitler biography timeline while multiplying and duplicating offices to a bewildering degree.
During the next four years Hitler enjoyed a dazzling string of domestic and international successes, outwitting rival political leaders abroad just as he had defeated his opposition timellne home. In he abandoned the Versailles Treaty and began to build up the army by conscripting five times its permitted number.
He persuaded Great Britain to allow an increase in the naval building programme and in March he occupied the demilitarized Rhineland without meeting opposition. He began building up the Luftwaffe and supplied military aid to Francoist forces in Spainwhich brought about the Spanish fascist victory in The German rearmament programme led to full employment and an unrestrained expansion of production, which reinforced by his foreign policy successes--the Rome-Berlin pact ofthe Anschluss with Austria and the "liberation" of the Sudeten Germans in — brought Hitler to the zenith of his popularity.
In February he dismissed adolf hitler biography timeline senior generals and took personal command of the armed forces, thus ensuring that he would be able to implement his aggressive designs. Hitler's saber-rattling tactics bludgeoned the British and French into the humiliating Munich agreement of and the eventual dismantlement of the Czechoslovakian State in March The concentration campsthe Nuremberg racial laws against the Jews, the persecution of the churches and political dissidents were forgotten by many Germans in the euphoria of Hitler's territorial expansion and bloodless victories.
The next designated target for Hitler's ambitions was Poland her independence guaranteed by Britain and France and, to avoid a two-front war, the Nazi dictator signed a pact of friendship and non-aggression with Soviet Russia. On September 1,German armed forces invaded Poland and henceforth Hitler's main energies were devoted to the conduct of a war he had unleashed to dominate Europe and secure Germany's "living The first phase of World War II was dominated by German Blitzkrieg tactics: Poland was overrun in less than one month, Denmark and Norway in two biograph, HollandBelgiumLuxemburg and France in six weeks.
After the fall of France in June only Great Britain stood firm. The Battle of Britain, in which the Royal Air Force prevented the Luftwaffe from securing aerial control over the English Channel, was Hitler's first setback, causing the planned invasion of the British Isles to be postponed.
Hitler turned to the Balkans and North Africa where his Italian allies had suffered timelkne, his armies rapidly overrunning GreeceYugoslavia, the adolf hitler biography timeline of Crete and driving the British from Cyrenaica. The hihler decision of his career, the invasion of Soviet Russia on June 22, biobraphy, was rationalized by htler idea that its destruction would timelinr Great Britain from continuing the war with any prospect of success.
He was convinced that once he kicked the door in, as he told Jodl q. The war against Russia was to be an anti-Bolshivek crusade, a war of annihilation in which the fate of European Jewry would finally be sealed. At the end of January Hitler had prophesied that "if the international financial Jewry within and outside Europe should succeed once more in dragging the nations into a war, the result will be, not the Bolshevization of the world and thereby the victory of Jewry, but the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe.
As the war widened — the United States by the end of had entered the struggle against the Axis powers — Hitler identified the totality of Germany's enemies with "international Jewry," who supposedly stood behind the British-American-Soviet alliance.
The policy of forced emigration had manifestly failed to remove the Jews from Germany's expanded lebensraumincreasing their hitper under German rule as the Wehrmacht bernhard sekles biography East.
The widening of the conflict into a world war by the end ofthe refusal of the British to accept Germany's right to continental European hegemony which Tiemline attributed to "Jewish" tiimeline and to agree to his "peace" ibography, the racial-ideological nature of the assault on Soviet Russia, finally drove Hitler to implement the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question" which had been under consideration since The measures already taken in those regions of Poland annexed to the Reich against Jews and Poles indicated the genocidal implications of Nazi-style "Germanization" policies.
The invasion of Soviet Russia was to set the seal on Hitler's notion of territorial conquest in the East, which was inextricably linked with annihilating the 'biological roots of Bolshevism' and hence with the liquidation of all Jews under German rule.
At first biogrqphy German armies carried all before them, adolf hitler biography timeline vast territories, overwhelming the Red Army, encircling Leningrad and reaching within striking distance of Moscow.
Within a few months of the invasion Hitler's armies had extended the Third Reich from the Atlantic to the Caucasus, from the Baltic to the Black Sea. But the Soviet Union did not adolf hitler biography timeline as expected and Hitler, instead of concentrating his attack on Moscow, ordered a pincer movement around Kiev to seize the Ukraine, increasingly procrastinating and changing his mind about objectives.
Underestimating the depth of military reserves on which the Russians could adolf hitler biography timeline, the caliber of their generals and the resilient, fighting spirit of the Russian people whom he dismissed as inferior peasantsHitler prematurely proclaimed in October that the Soviet Union had been "struck down and would never rise again. The disaster before Moscow in December led him to dismiss his Commander-in-Chief von Brauchitschand many other key commanders who sought permission for tactical withdrawals, including Guderian, Bock, Hoepner, von Rundstedt and Leeb, found themselves cashiered.
Hitler now assumed personal control of all military operations, refusing to listen to advice, disregarding unpalatable facts and rejecting everything that did not fit into his preconceived picture of reality. His neglect of the Mediterranean theatre and the Middle East, the failure of the Italians, the entry of the United States into the war, and above all the stubborn determination of the Russians, pushed Hitler on to the defensive.
Fernando amorsolo biography tagalog summary the winter of the writing was on the wall but Hitler refused to countenance military defeat, believing that implacable will and the rigid refusal to abandon positions could make up for inferior resources and the lack of a sound overall strategy.
Convinced that james allodi biography own General Staff was weak and indecisive, if richard wagner biography pdf openly treacherous, Hitler became more prone to outbursts of blind, hysterical fury towards his generals, when he did not retreat into bouts of misanthropic brooding.
His health, too, deteriorated under the impact of the drugs prescribed by his quack physician, Dr. Hitler's personal decline, symbolized by his increasingly rare public appearances and his self-enforced isolation in the "Wolf's Lair," his headquarters buried deep in the East Prussian forests, coincided with the visible signs of the adolf hitler biography timeline German defeat which became apparent in mid Rommel's defeat at El Alamein and the subsequent loss of North Africa to the Anglo-American forces were overshadowed by the disaster at Stalingrad where General von Paulus's Sixth Army was cut off and surrendered to the Russians in January In July the Allies captured Sicily and Mussolini's adolf hitler biography timeline collapsed in Italy.
In September the Italians signed an armistice and the Allies landed at Salerno, reaching Naples on 1 October and taking Rome on June 4, The Allied invasion of Normandy followed on June 6, and soon a million Allied troops were driving the German armies eastwards, while from the opposite direction the Soviet forces advanced biographg on timelune Reich.
The total mobilization of the German war economy under Albert Speer and the energetic propaganda efforts of Joseph Goebbels to rouse the fighting adolf hitler biography timeline of the German people were impotent to change the fact that the Third Reich lacked the resources equal to a struggle against the world alliance which Hitler himself had provoked.
Allied bombing began to have a telling biogeaphy on German industrial production and to undermine the morale of the population.
The generals, frustrated by Hitler's total refusal to trust them in the field and recognizing the inevitability of defeat, planned, together with the small anti-Nazi Resistance inside the Reich, to assassinate the Fuhrer on 20 Julyhoping to pave the way for a negotiated peace with the Allies that would save Germany from destruction.
The plot failed and Hitler took implacable vengeance on the conspirators, watching with satisfaction a yimeline of the grisly executions carried out on his orders. As disaster came closer, Hitler buried himself in the unreal world of the Fuhrerbunker in Berlin, clutching at fantastic hopes that his "secret weapons," the V-1 and V-2 rockets, would yet turn the tide of war.
He gestured wildly over maps, planned and directed adolfs hitler biography timeline with non-existent adolfs hitler biography timeline and indulged in endless, night-long monologues which reflected his growing senility, misanthropy and contempt for the "cowardly failure" of the German people.
As the Red Army approached Berlin and the Anglo-Americans reached the Elbe, on 19 March Hitler ordered the destruction of what remained of German industry, communications and transport systems.
He was resolved that, if he did not survive, Germany too gimeline be destroyed. The same ruthless nihilism and passion for destruction which had led to the extermination of six million Jews in death campsto the biological "cleansing" of the sub-human Slavs and other subject peoples in the New Order, was finally turned on his own people.
On April 29,he married his mistress Eva Braun and dictated his final political testamentconcluding with the same monotonous, obsessive fixation that had guided his career from the beginning: The following day Hitler committed suicide, shooting himself through the mouth with a pistol.
His body was carried into the garden of the Reich Chancellery by aides, covered with petrol and burned along biogrqphy that of Eva Braun. This final, macabre act of self-destruction appropriately symbolized the career of a political leader whose main legacy to Europe was the ruin of its civilization and the senseless sacrifice of human life for the sake of power and his own commitment to the bestial jitler of National Socialist race mythology.
With his death nothing was left of the "Greater Germanic Reich," of the tyrannical power structure and ideological system which had devastated Europe during the twelve years of his totalitarian rule. Who's Who in Nazi GermanyRoutledge Photos courtesy of the USHMM and German Bundesarchiv.
Bookstore Glossary Library Links News Publications Timeline Virtual Israel Experience. Operation Ezra and Nehemiah. New York Jewish Week. IBM and the Holocaust. Hitler as a baby. Hitler during World War 1 c. Cover of Hitler's treatise - Mein Kampf. Hitler and President von Hindenburg Hitler after an SS rally in Berlin. Hitler showing the Nazi salute. US Army newspaper announcing Hitlers death Join our mailing list Join. The Sudden End Of Iraqi Jewry.