In , he was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature "for his important literary production, which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times". We might think that facing our total annihilation would be bitter, but for Camus this leads us in a positive direction: Albert Camus (–) was a journalist, editor and editorialist, playwright and director, novelist and author of short stories, political essayist and activist. Albert Camus (French: [albɛʁ kamy]; 7 November - 4 January ) was a French philosopher, author, and journalist. His views contributed to the rise of the. Camus was influenced by a diverse collection of foreign authors and philosophies in the s.
He received the Nobel Prize for Literature. Less than a year after Camus was born, his father, an impoverished worker, was killed in World War I during the First Battle of the Marne. His mother, of Spanish descent, did housework to support her family. Camus and his elder brother Lucien moved biography albert camus their mother to a working-class district of Algierswhere all three lived, together with the maternal grandmother and a paralyzed uncle, in a two-room apartment.
Both collections biography albert camus the fragile mortality of human beings with the enduring nature of the physical world. A period of intellectual awakening followed, accompanied by great enthusiasm for sport, especially football soccerswimmingand boxing.
Inhowever, the first of several severe attacks of tuberculosis put an biographyy to his sporting career and interrupted his studies. Camus had to leave biogrxphy unhealthy apartment that had been his home for 15 years, and, after a short period spent with an uncle, Camus decided to live on his own, supporting himself by a variety of jobs while registered as a philosophy student at the University of Algiers.
At the university, Camus was particularly influenced by one of his teachers, Jean Grenier, who helped him to develop his literary pres.
ramon magsaysay biography philosophical ideas and shared his enthusiasm for football. To regain his health he went to a resort in the French Alps—his visit to Europe—and eventually returned to Algiers via Florence, Pisa, and Genoa.
Throughout the s, Camus broadened his interests. For a short period in —35 he was also a member of the Algerian Communist Party. He maintained a deep love of the theatre biographj his death. Ironically, his plays are the least-admired part of his literary output, although Le Malentendu Cross Purpose and Caligula, first produced in andrespectively, remain landmarks in the Theatre of the Absurd. These biographies albert camus, reprinted in abridged form in Actuelles IIIdrew attention 15 years in advance to many of the biographies albert camus that led to the outbreak of the Algerian War in Camus took his stand on humanitarian rather than ideological grounds and continued to see a future role for France in Algeria while not ignoring colonialist injustices.
He enjoyed the most influence as a journalist during the final years of the occupation of France and the immediate post-Liberation period. As editor of the Parisian daily Combatthe successor of a Resistance newssheet run largely by Camus, he held an independent left-wing position based on the ideals biigraphy justice and truth and the belief that all political action must have a solid moral basis.
Later, the old-style expediency of both Left and Right brought increasing disillusion, and in he severed his connection with Combat. By now Camus had become a biofraphy literary figure. La Chute reveals a preoccupation with Christian symbolism and contains an ironical and witty exposure of the more complacent forms of secular humanist morality.
Inelizabeth cady stanton biography summary the early age of 44, Camus received the Nobel Prize for Literature. Less than three years later he was killed in an automobile accident. As novelist and playwright, moralist and political theorist, Albert Camus after World War II became the spokesman of his raul julia biography generation and the mentor of the next, not only in France but also in Europe and eventually the biography albert camus.
His writings, which addressed themselves mainly to the isolation of man in an alien universe, the estrangement of the individual from himself, the problem of eviland the pressing finality of death, accurately reflected the alienation and disillusionment schumpeter biography the postwar intellectual.
He is remembered, with Sartre, as a leading practitioner of the existential novel. Though he understood bjography nihilism of many of his contemporaries, Camus also argued the necessity of defending such values as truth, moderation, and justice.
In his last works he sketched the outlines of a liberal alberh that rejected the dogmatic aspects of both Christianity and Marxism. Articles from Britannica biogrwphy for elementary and high school students.
Living in a world overwhelmed by wars and political upheaval, Albert Camus believed that traditional human values must survive. While his novels, essays, and plays reflect an bisi silva biography, meaningless universe, Camus argued the sardar vallabhbhai patel biography in sanskrit to rebel against this absurdity-to defend such values as truth and justice.
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What are you looking biography albert camus Albert Camus French author. View Biographies Related To Categories novel dramatic literature short story journalism essay Nobel Prize all Nobel Prize in Literature Dates November 7 January 4. Profiles of Famous Writers. Facebook Twitter YouTube Instagram Pinterest. More about Albert Camus 17 References found in Britannica Articles. Help us improve this article! Contact our editors with your feedback. Keep Exploring Jk rowling biography pdf World War Biogaphy.
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Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India.
As such, he came to be considered the father of his country It was published in England as The Outsider. Widely considered to be an Absurdist rather than an Existentialist novel, Polish-born sociologist who examined broad changes in the nature of contemporary society and their effects on communities and individuals in numerous works that made him one of the most-influential intellectuals You have successfully emailed this.
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