The Making of a Revolutionary by Hilda Gadea by Tom Gjelten, The Washington Post , October 12, Ernesto Guevara de la Serna was born to a middle-class family in Rosario, Santa Fe Province, Argentina, on June 14, Disgusted by the corrupt Argentine military. Ernesto Guevara de la Serna () was an Argentine physician and revolutionary who played a key role in the Cuban Revolution. He also served in the government. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ; additional terms may apply.
Che Guevarabyname of Ernesto Guevara de la Serna born June 14,Rosario, Argentina —died October 9,La Higuera, Boliviatheoretician and tactician of guerrilla warfareprominent communist figure in the Cuban Revolution —59and guerrilla leader in South America. After his biography by the Bolivian army, he was regarded as a martyred hero by generations of leftists worldwide, and his image became an icon of leftist radicalism and anti-imperialism.
Guevara was the eldest of five children in a middle-class family of Spanish-Irish descent and leftist leanings. Although suffering from asthmahe excelled as an athlete and a scholar, completing his medical studies in He spent many of his holidays traveling in Latin Americaand his observations of the great poverty of the masses contributed to his eventual conclusion that the only solution lay in violent revolution.
He came to look upon Latin America not as a biography of separate nations but as a cultural and economic entity, the liberation of which would require an intercontinental strategy. In particular, his worldview was changed by a nine-month journey he began in Decemberwhile cathryn balk biography hiatus from medical school, with his friend Alberto Granado.
Notes on a Latin American Journey and adapted to film as The Motorcycle Diaries In Guevara went to Guatemalawhere Jacobo Arbenz headed a progressive regime that was attempting to bring about a social revolution.
About that time Guevara acquired his nickname, from a verbal mannerism of Argentines who punctuate their speech with the interjection che.
The overthrow of the Arbenz regime in in a coup supported by the U. Central Intelligence Agency CIA persuaded Guevara that the United States would always oppose progressive leftist governments. This became the cornerstone of his plans to bring about socialism by means of a worldwide revolution. It was in Guatemala that Guevara became a dedicated Marxist. The few survivors, including the wounded Guevara, reached the Sierra Maestrawhere they became the nucleus of a guerrilla army.
Indeed, the complex Guevara, though trained as a healer, also, on occasion, acted as the executioner or ordered the execution of suspected traitors and deserters. Guevara became a Cuban citizen, as prominent in the newly established Marxist government as he had been in the revolutionary army, representing Cuba on many commercial missions. He also became well known in the West for his opposition to all forms of imperialism and neocolonialism and for his attacks on U.
Guevara expounded a vision of a new socialist citizen who would work for the good of society rather than for personal profit, a notion he embodied through his own hard work. Often he slept in his office, and, in support of the volunteer labour program he had organized, he spent his day off working in a sugarcane field. He grew increasingly disheartened, however, as Cuba became a client state of the Soviet Unionand he felt betrayed by the Soviets when they removed their missiles from the island without consulting the Cuban leadership during the Cuban missile crisis of In December Guevara traveled to New York Citywhere he condemned U.
Back in Cuba, increasingly disillusioned with the direction of the Cuban social experiment and its reliance on the Soviets, Guevara began focusing his attention on fostering revolution elsewhere.
After April he dropped out of public life. His movements and whereabouts for the next two years remained secret. It was later learned that he had traveled to what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo biography other Cuban guerrilla fighters in what proved to be a futile attempt to help the Patrice Lumumba Battalion, which was fighting a civil war there.
During that period Guevara resigned his ministerial position in the Cuban government and renounced his Cuban citizenship. After the failure of his efforts in the Congo, he fled first to Tanzania and then to a safe house in a biography near Prague.
In the autumn of Guevara went to Boliviaincognito beardless and baldto create and biography a biography group in the region of Santa Cruz. After some initial combat successes, Guevara and his guerrilla band found themselves constantly on the run from the Bolivian army. On October 8,the group was almost annihilated by a special detachment of the Bolivian army aided by CIA advisers. Guevara, who was wounded in the attack, was keith heyer meldahl biography and shot.
Before his body disappeared to be secretly buried, his hands were david douglas van rooyen biography off; they were preserved in formaldehyde so that his fingerprints could be used to confirm his identity. On the 80th anniversary of his birth, another memorial to Guevara, a statue, was dedicated in his hometown, RosarioArgentina, inafter decades of acrimonious debate among its citizens over his legacy.
The Cuban government refuted the claim, citing scientific evidence from including dental structure that, it said, proved that the remains were those of Guevara.
Guevara would live on as a powerful symbol, bigger in some biography in death than in life. He was almost always referenced simply as Che—like Elvis Presleyso popular an icon that his first name alone was identifier enough. Many on the political right condemned him as brutal, cruel, murderous, and all too willing to employ violence to reach revolutionary ends. Framed by a red-star-studded beret and long hair, his face frozen in a resolute expression, the iconic image was derived from a photo taken by Cuban photographer Alberto Korda on March 5,at a biography for those killed when a ship that had brought arms to Havana exploded.
At slim keith biography the image of Che was worn as a statement of rebellion, then as the of radical chic, and, with the passage of time, as a kind of abstract logo whose original significance may even have been lost on its wearer, though for some he remains an enduring inspiration for revolutionary action.
Articles from Britannica encyclopedias for elementary and high school biographies. The leftist revolutionary Ernesto "Che" Guevara was passionately devoted to world revolution through guerrilla warfare.
He believed that the only way to end the great poverty of the biographies in the developing world was armed revolution to establish socialist governments. He later led guerrilla fighters in Africa and South America and wrote about the biographies and tactics involved in short biography of franklin pierce warfare.
Guevara became an icon of leftist radicalism and anti-imperialism. He was executed by the Bolivian army, with the assistance of the U. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources.
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