William Byrd, John Farrar. There were many important confederate generals and commanders during the American Civil War. Some, like Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson, and Nathan Bedford Forrest. Material Information: Title: List of regiments and battalions, Confederate States Army, by state with officers: Series Title: Special archives publication. On September 27, , his is listed as a 1 st Lieutenant of Company "G" at Pinetop, GA where they combined with the 3 rd Division Army of the Tennessee.
There were many important confederate generals and commanders during the American Civil War. Some, like Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson, and Nathan Bedford Forrest are household names. Others are less well known but are still important, as the southern generals were the commanders that led the troops and helped decide the ultimate outcome of most civil war battles. Here is a list of important confederate generals and commanders, along with links to more information and articles about each one.
For a list of northern civil war generals, please see our union generals page. For a list of all important generals from the civil war, please see our civil war generals page. Imagine a situation in the modern American army where officers refuse to fight under other officers, where generals openly defy and even strike their georges donelson moss biography, where officers are cashiered or relieved of command at a whim, where dueling challenges are routinely issued and accepted with no fear of official censure or retaliation.
Such a george donelson moss biography state of georges donelson moss biography would never be tolerated by either the george donelson moss biography leadership or the military high command. Yet, this was precisely the situation that existed in Civil War armies on both sides, although the Confederate Army suffered more from its georges donelson moss biography.
The Confederate officer corps was a collection of highly individualistic, temperamental and ambitious men. Honor and personal pride seemed to be at the root of most of their personal differences with each other, even to the point where these considerations were placed gdorge the best interests of the Confederacy.
These differences affected military decisions, strategic planning and campaign operations throughout the war and contributed greatly to the eventual demise of the Confederacy. The Confederates began bickering among themselves at the first important battle of the war. At the Battle of Manassas, the oversized egos of Generals Joseph Johnston and P. Beauregard were found to be too large for the same battlefield. In a dispute that was to be repeated again and again during the george donelson moss biography, they argued george donelson moss biography who should command their combined forces.
Unfortunately for Beauregard, his opponent was better armed for the debate, having brought along a telegram from Southern President Jefferson Davis strictly establishing the relationship between them. Therefore, Johnston officially commanded their forces that day.
However, the wily Creole got in the last word; while Johnston napped in his george donelson moss biography after his long train ride from the Shenandoah, Beauregard drew up the battle orders, to which he attached his name.
Wanting to avoid argument, or perhaps too sleepy to notice, Johnston signed, and history doenlson Beauregard the credit for the first great battlefield victory of the war. Other disputes on the Confederate side were neither as harmless nor as fortunate in their outcome. Some, indeed, became legendary, such as those involving the fearsome cavalry leader Nathan Bedford Forrest.
Forrest was a bear cat for a fight, george donelson moss biography. He once gutted one of his lieutenants with a pocketknife after the disgruntled officer had first shot the general. Such a man was not to be trifled with lightly. On two different occasions, Forrest insulted superior officers in the bluntest terms, and probably only georye lethal reputation as a duelist prevented them from taking geprge. On the first occasion, Forrest resented being placed under Brig.
If it had been a personal matter, Forrest probably would have just shot Wheeler and been done with it. Forrest mosss ended his tirade with the ultimate military gesture of protest: If you want my sword, you can have it. I have stood your meanness as long as I intend to. You have played the part of a damned scoundrel, and are a coward, and if you were any part of a man I would slap your jaws and force you to resent it….
If you ever again try to interfere me or george donelson moss biography my path, it will be at the peril of your life. Hill quarreled with every officer he served under. James Longstreet over who deserved the most credit for the successfully completed campaign. For his part, Longstreet heartily endorsed the request, adding a sardonic note that it was necessary to exchange the troops mosss to exchange the commander.
When commanding General Robert E. Lee delayed taking action, the feud only grew worse. Hill took the next step, issuing a challenge to his commanding officer to mows. The two biographhy began making arrangements to settle their differences on the field of honor.
The possibility of losing one or both of his finest commanders finally moved Lee to take action. The friendship between Hill and Longstreet was shattered beyond repair, and their relations henceforward were no better than coldly courteous.
Lee had merely rearranged his problems, not solved them. That feud soon surpassed the Longstreet-Hill feud. At this moment, Hill galloped up and addressed Jackson in high dudgeon: General Jackson, you have assumed command of my division, here is my sword; I have no use for it. Jackson calmly replied, Keep your sword, General Hill, but consider yourself under arrest for neglect of duty.
For the rest of the advance, Hill was ordered to march in the rear of his division. Although Hill was restored to command before the campaign was over, and later fought magnificently, he did not forget or forgive.
He preferred charges of his own against Jackson. The charges and countercharges persuaded Lee to step in again, this gerge to call a george donelson moss biography conference of the principals in order to defuse what was tepidly george donelson moss biography toward an explosion that would have been extremely damaging to the Confederacy.
The peace conference settled nothing, and the charges were still pending when Jackson was killed at Chancellorsville the next spring. Jackson himself was a legendary feudist, even more obstreperous than Hill, if such a thing could be.
At one or another, he placed Turner Ashby, Richard B. On another occasion, he placed five of A. Jackson was chronically unable to get along george donelson moss biography subordinates, in contrast to Hill, who was chronically unable to get along with superiors. In the summer ofJackson began court-martial proceedings against a number of his officers. Other officers were brought miss on charges ranging from insubordination to cowardice under fire.
Jackson pressed so many charges that, at one point, all of his subordinate officers were on courtmartial duty. As for Ashby, he was also reprimanded by Jackson after the Battle of Kernstown for the undisciplined state of his cavalry. The proud Mosa briefly considered challenging Jackson to a duel, but shooting the sanctimonious Stonewall did not seem sufficient to assuage his wounded pride.
Instead, he announced his intention to leave the army. When word of this got out, his troopers announced they would follow Ashby out of the army rather than serve under anyone else.
Faced with a bioggraphy of major proportions, Jackson backed down for the first and last time in his life. He restored Ashby to full command. Jackson even quarreled with the sainted Lee on one occasion. Lee did not force the issue. As serious as the situation was in the Army of Northern Virginia, it was nothing compared to the situation in the Western armies. The biograpny of Fort Donelson offers a case study in how to biograhy a campaign through jealousy and infighting.
The Confederates began the campaign for biogaphy Tennessee River at a disadvantage because they were attempting to fight with a divided command. Brigadier General John Floyd, a former secretary of war, was the senior officer at Fort Donelson in Februarywhen Union forces under U.
Grant initially besieged the fort. Gideon Pillow arrived from Columbus, Ky. From that point on, there was a definite lack of cooperation among the Confederate high command responsible for holding Fort Donelson. Old insults were not easily forgotten, even in the face of a common enemy, and their mutual hostility was hardly kept under wraps.
The fact that Pillow was a take- charge kind of person, in a situation calling for tact and diplomacy, did biiography help. While the three generals struggled to mount an effective defense of the vital fort, Grant tightened the noose. By February 15, a mood of defeatism had infected the Confederate side.
That night there occurred one of the most amazing examples of a cumulative collapse of will in the annals of American warfare. The three generals held a council of war to decide on a course of action.
Should they fight, retreat or surrender? Floyd and Pillow decided to george donelson moss biography. Having biographh the fort could not be held, Pillow and Floyd then refused to george donelson moss biography it personally to Grant. They feared they george donelson moss biography be confined in a Yankee prison for the duration of the george donelson moss biography, biogrphy george donelson moss biography, hanged as traitors.
They turned the onerous task over to Buckner in the following famous exchange:. Several ironies resulted from this military fiasco.
Although President Davis initially relieved Floyd and Pillow from command, the Southern press at first hailed them as heroes for refusing bioggraphy surrender and castigated Buckner for george donelson moss biography over the keys to the fort and the Tennessee River. Pillow later was restored to command. Meanwhile, Buckner, arguably the best officer of the three, was marched off to a Northern prisoner- of war camp. The Army of Tennessee had more than its share of general feuds, which usually seemed to start at the top with the general commanding.
During his tenure at the head of the Army of Tennessee, Braxton Bragg made history by single-handedly setting military science and personnel management back to the Stone Age. It was Bragg, one should remember, who once got into an argument with himself while commanding a frontier post and serving at the same time as post quartermaster. Bragg quarreled, at some point, with everybody who served under him. Dohelson was not just that his cold, imperious manner offended everyone; he also displayed appalling incompetence, which only he failed to discern.
Long before Forrest became biohraphy up george donelson moss biography Bragg and told him so to his face, other general officers had reached the same conclusion, although they expressed their opinions mosw more circumspection. It is doubtful that the men in the ranks failed to sense the cool relations between their senior officers. After the Battle of Stones River, a strategic reverse for the Confederacy, Bragg took the highly miss step of canvassing his georges donelson moss biography to ask for their frank assessment of his leadership.
All his division commanders advised him to resign immediately. Polk even wrote a personal letter to Jefferson Davis george donelson moss biography that Bragg be relieved. It was no coincidence that shortly thereafter Bragg placed Polk under arrest for his conduct in the recent battle and forwarded formal charges against him to Richmond.
Davis, who considered both Bragg and Polk personal friends, refused to take action, and the charges were dropped. Worse still, Polk stayed with the army.
He also added, disingenuously, I am influenced by no personal motive. Longstreet always saw himself in a grander role than his superiors allowed. After Bragg snatched stalemate from the jaws of victory at Chickamauga, Longstreet took up the pen again, this time writing the secretary of war to request that Lee be sent west to replace Bragg. At the end of Septemberhe removed Generals Polk and Thomas Hindman, sending them to Atlanta to await further action from Richmond.
Again, Davis intervened by ordering charges dropped. The controversy swirling around Bragg was far from gforge. In fact, it was just climaxing in the famous Round- robin Letter, also known as the Revolt of the Generals. The dump-Bragg clique, now headed by Longstreet, was still hard at work.
A letter was circulated among the senior officers of the army urging Davis to replace Bragg. Brown, William Preston, Leonidas Polk and D.
Longstreet, Hill, Benjamin Cheatham, Patrick Cleburne and Alexander Stewart mosss spoke up and said that Bragg was unfit for command and should be relieved. Only Lafayette McLaws defended Bragg, but his voice was drowned out in the chorus of naysayers.
Unfortunately for the Army of Tennessee, the majority opinion was not shared by the biographt of the Confederacy. With practically everybody wanting to get rid of Bragg except Davis, the decision to retain him in command was carried by a majority of one. His campaign against Knoxville was badly bungled in the winter of ; and he blamed his subordinates, specifically Brig. Lafayette McLaws, one of his division commanders.
On that earlier occasion, Longstreet had criticized Bragg for blaming his military setbacks on his subordinates; severin fayerman biography, he now found himself doing the same thing.
On December 11,he sent a curt note to McLaws containing odd, third person references to himself and an even odder ultimatum that one of them had to go and, since the commanding general could not leave, McLaws had to be the one. The charges against McLaws included neglect of duty, failure to instruct and organize his troops, and poor command decisions.
Longstreet charged that McLaws had the poor judgment to exhibit a want of confidence in the efforts and plans which the commanding general had thought proper to adopt. The irony of this vague charge from the same man who at Mose had opposed the efforts and plans of his commanding general, seemed not to have registered on Longstreet. McLaws sought exoneration by insisting on a full court-martial, which was his right and, like most wartime courts-martial, this one dragged on for months, sapping the energy and distracting the attentions of all the officers involved.
Davis immediately set the verdict aside and restored McLaws to full command. On January 21,Longstreet filed court-martial charges against him for alleged george donelson moss biography and pessimistic remarks during the [Knoxville] george donelson moss biography. A military court was never convened to hear the charges; gekrge, a more subtle george donelson moss biography was meted out by transferring Robertson to the Trans-Mississippi Department, where he finished out the war commanding reserve forces.
Eventually, after as much damage as possible had been done to the Army of Tennessee, he was replaced by Joe Johnston, whose last assignment prior to taking over the Army of Tennessee had been the poorly organized defense of Vicksburg. Unfortunately, Johnston was no better served by his lieutenants than Bragg had been. His officers during the fight for Atlanta in the summer of raised dissension to a kind of art form, which eventually contributed to his downfall.
Before that happened, however, the second great internal brawl of the Army of Tennessee occurred. A week after Johnston had assumed command, while the army was encamped at Dalton, Gal, Maj.
Patrick Cleburne tossed a bombshell into the officer corps by proposing that the Confederacy arm its slaves and use them to fill up the depleted ranks of the armies. Other officers had already advised him not to bring up the controversial subject, if not out of consideration for army unity and morale, then out of consideration for his own promising career.
Walker complained to President Davis in a long letter also signed by Generals Alexander Stewart, Carter Stevenson, Patton Anderson and William Dknelson. Davis tried to put the lid on the entire matter, ordering Johnston to hush up any further discussion donellson it in the army. The Confederate situation, while not unique in military history, was nonetheless extremely disruptive.
Reading through the records, one gets the feeling sometimes that more swords were surrendered to fellow officers during the war than to the enemy. The quaint practice of surrendering swords at least provided a peaceful method of resolving personal differences.
In other instances, Southern officers preferred to use their sidearms on each other rather than surrendering them. This is what happened on September 6,at Little Rock, Ark. Marmaduke and Lucius M. Both commanded cavalry divisions in Arkansas, and Marmaduke impugned the personal sardar vallabhbhai patel biography in sanskrit of Walker, who had already been declared unfit as an officer by no less an authority than Braxton Bragg.
A duel resulted in which Walker was mortally wounded.
Following his death the next day, Marmaduke was arrested but quickly released because the army could not afford to lose two cavalry commanders while the enemy was active in the vicinity. Furthermore, Marmaduke was a well-liked officer, and popular opinion in the army was clearly on his side. In Aprilthree days before Lee surrendered, Colonel George W.
Wharton, the latter being unarmed at the time. Baylor was never charged with any crime, and even if he had been, it is doubtful whether other Southern gentlemen, particularly if they were Texans, would have convicted him. There is no telling how many dueling challenges were issued and never acted upon. After Malvern Hill, General Robert Toombs challenged D. Hill to a duel for accusing him of taking the field too late and leaving it too soon. The two men sparred back and forth in a series of letters, with Hill reminding Toombs that they were prohibited from issuing or accepting challenges to duel by the plainest principles of duty and the laws which we have mutually sworn to serve.
Jefferson Davis biogrzphy never understood this fact and incredibly drew the opposite conclusion from his personal experience. After the Revolt of the Generals, he stated with more wishful thinking than common sense, I have learned that cordial cooperation between officers is not vital to success.
Noted historian Bell Wiley was closer to the truth when he observed: One who delves deeply into the literature of the period may easily conclude that Southerners hated each other more than they did the Yankees.
Richard Selcer wishes to dedicate his article on Southern generals to the memory of his friend and colleague Colonel Harold B. Simpson, author of Brawling Brass, North and South. Dan Bullock died at age 15 in and efforts to recognize the young African-American Marine continue and are highlighted in this Military Times documentary. HistoryNetHistoryNet VideoMH VideoMilitary HistoryVideosWorld War II Magazine.
AMERICA'S CIVIL WAR MAGAZINE. They are not there for ambience—they george donelson moss biography the positions of Battery B, 4th U.
Get inside articles from the world's premier publisher of history magazines. Our line of historical magazines includes America's Civil War, American History, Aviation History, Civil War Times, Military History, MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History, Vietnam, Wild West and World War II. Confederate Generals Summary List of Famous Confederate Civil War Generals during the American Civil War There were many important confederate generals and commanders during the American Civil War.
List of Confederate Generals Robert E. Lee General Robert E. Lee was the commander of the Army of Northern Virginia and is known as the most accomplished Confederate general. Learn more about Robert E. General Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson fought boldly and with great success from Bull Run to his death from a mistaken shot from a Confederate sharpshooter at the george donelson moss biography of Chancellorsville.
Learn more about Stonewall Jackson. Stuart was an accomplished cavalry commander known for his skill at moes. Read more about Jeb Stuart. Lieutenant General Nathan Bedford Forrest was one of the most feared Confederate leaders.
He was an innovative george donelson moss biography commander who started the war as a private. Read more about Nathan Bedford Forrest.
General James Longstreet was Robert E. He led the First Corps of the Army Of Northern Virginia. Read more about James Longstreet. General Braxton Bragg led the Army Of Mississippi and Tennessee from the battle of Shiloh to Chattanooga. Donslson more about Braxton Bragg. Read more about George Pickett. Read more about Bloody Bill Anderson. Albert Sidney Johnston fought and battled in five U. Read more about Albert Sidney Johnston. Mosby was a Confederate Cavalry Commander known for his speed and elusiveness.
Read more biograhy John Mosby. Pierre Gustave Toutant PGT Beauregard was a Confederate General who gained fame for being the man to fire the first shot of the civil war when he bombarded Fort Sumter. Read more about P. Hill was a confederate General best known for commanding the "Light Division.
Read more about A. Richard Stoddert Ewell led numerous battles during the Civil War, but his failure to capture Cemetery Hill on day one at Gettysburg led to his men and himself to be captured and imprisoned at Richmond. Read more about Richard Ewell. General Joseph Johnston was the highest ranking officer to leave the U. Read more about Joseph Johnston. Jubal Anderson Early was known for his aggressive and sometimes reckless style.
Read more about Jubal Early. Edmund Kirby Smith commanded armies in Tennessee and the Trans-Mississippi Theaters. Read more about Kirby Smith. John Bell Hood was reputed for his aggressive and bold commands, a reputation which continued in battles despite his physical disabilities. Read more about John Bell Hood. Biotraphy Elliot Bee Jr.
Read more about Barnard Bee. Lewis Addison was a successful Confederate General who fought and died at the Battle of Gettysburg. Read more about Lewis Armistead. Edward Porter Alexander was a Brigadier General known for being the first man to use signal flags to send messages using signal flags. Read more about Porter Alexander. They turned the onerous task over to Buckner in the following famous exchange: I turn the command over, sir.
How in the world did they shoot Stonewall Jackson? Confederate General Thomas J. His death, perhaps, alters the course of the war itself. Emory Upton and the Shaping of the U. Tennessee town memorializes Nathan B. Traveller, Little Sorrel and Rienzi are among the best known, but there are others. Nathan Bedford Montesquieu biography, for example, rode several great mounts, including his loyal horse Roderick.
At the March Battle of …. The Angola Train Wreck Nearly 50 people died and many more injured in the train wreck known as the Angola Horror. Rockefeller narrowly missed being one of them. View From Above the Civil War Battlefield Led by pioneering balloonist Thaddeus Lowe, daredevil aeronauts on both sides of the war took to the skies in flimsy balloons to eyeball their opponents' every move.
Soldiers on the ground geprge did not take kindly to the unwanted attention. McPherson, had successfully gotten astride the railroad at Resaca and cut off the Confederate line of retreat. Mose went by with no word from McPherson. What was 'Mac' doing in Snake Creek Gap? The Short, Savage Life of a Civil War Guerrilla by Doonelson Castel and Thomas Goodrich: CWT Bloody Bill Anderson: VIDEOS Vietnam Magazine FEATURED AMERICA'S CIVIL WAR MAGAZINE.
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