In March Gaskell began a diary documenting the development of her daughter Marianne: Mary Howitt (12 March – 30 January ) was an English poet, and author of the famous poem The Spider and the Fly. She was born Mary Botham at Coleford, in overbank.mostbook.info mary-howitt / biography. Rate, review and discuss works by Mary Howitt for free at Read Print. overbank.mostbook.info Mary-Howitt -books. Unitarianism urges comprehension and tolerance toward all religions and even though Gaskell tried to keep her own beliefs hidden, she felt strongly about these values which permeated her works; in North and South , "Margaret the Churchwoman, her father the Dissenter , Higgins the Infidel , knelt down together.
Her novels offer a detailed portrait of the lives of many strata of Victorian society, including the very poor, and are of interest to social historians as well as lovers of literature. Her first novel, Mary Bartonwas published in Kary of Gaskell's best known novels are Cranford —53North and Shorh —55and Wives and Daughters Gaskell was born Elizabeth Cleghorn Stevenson on 29 September in Lindsey Row, Chelseaat the house which is now 93 Cheyne Walk.
Her father, William Stevensona Unitarian from Berwick-upon-Tweed, was mary howitt short biography at FailsworthLancashire, but resigned his orders on conscientious grounds and moved to London in with the intention of going to India after he was appointed private secretary to the Earl of Lauderdalewho was to become Governor General of India.
That position did not materialise, however, and instead Stevenson was nominated Keeper of the Treasury Records. His wife, Elizabeth Holland, came from a family from the English Midlands that was connected with other prominent Unitarian families, including the Wedgwoodsthe Martineausthe Turners and the Darwins.
While she was growing up, Elizabeth's future was uncertain, as she had no personal wealth and no firm home, though she was a permanent guest at her aunt and grandparents' house. Her father married Catherine Thomson in and they had a son, William bornand a daughter, Catherine born Although Elizabeth spent several years without seeing her father, to whom she was devoted, her older brother John often visited her in Knutsford.
John was destined for the Royal Navy from an early age, like his grandfathers and uncles, but he had no and had to join the Merchant Navy with the East India Company 's fleet.
A beautiful young woman, Elizabeth was well-groomed, tidily dressed, kind, gentle and considerate of others. Her temperament was calm and collected, joyous and mary howitt short biography, she revelled in the simplicity of rural life. Much of Elizabeth's childhood was spent in Cheshire, where she lived with her aunt Hannah Lumb in Knutsford, biovraphy town she immortalised as Cranford.
They lived in a large red-brick house called "Sandlebridge" that overlooked the mary howitt short biography of Alderley Edge. Her aunts gave her the classics to read, and she was encouraged by her father in her studies and writing. Her brother John sent her modern books, and descriptions of his life at sea and his abroad. Seeking new experiences, she opened her mind to the solace of nature, finding company in the silence of the heath.
On other occasions when her cousins came to play she found consolation in young friendships. Exploring the green hollows, old shady glades of ruined cottages, she collected wild flowers and watched the mary howitt short biography birds. Her favourite plant, the Saxifrageis now extinct; but the pleasure natural things brought shhort clearly in her literary observations.
Sandlebridge was demolished beforeonly its chimney remained. There among the visitors and cousinage she played shuffleboard on the hhowitt table.
A young Elizabeth would go shopping to a woman in Knutsford who had an ancient place, gardens and parterres amidst an open blasted heath. Church House was directly accessible in Cranford with its high walls and garden walks. She generated confidence and self-respect from the country life. Her family regularly visited the 'Royal George Hotel', which impressed upon her a sensibility for the subtler points of architecture. Led by an interpreterGaskell later told Anne Thackeray Ritchie how like Cranford it was.
She learnt from Lord Clive that his mother was a Gaskell and a friend of the whiggish Holland set. After leaving school at the age of 16, Elizabeth travelled to London to spend hositt with her Holland cousins.
Her stepmother's brother was the miniature artistWilliam John Thomsonwho in painted a portrait of Elizabeth Gaskell in Manchester. A bust was sculpted by David Dunbar at the same time. On 30 August Elizabeth married a Unitarian minister, William Gaskellin Knutsford. They spent their honeymoon in North Walesstaying with her uncle, Samuel Holland, near Porthmadog.
The Gaskells then settled in Manchester, where William was the mary howitt short biography at Cross Street Unitarian Chapel. Manchester's biograohy surroundings influenced Elizabeth's writing in the industrial genre. Their first child, a daughter, was stillborn in A son, William, —45died in infancy, and this tragedy was the catalyst for Gaskell's first novel, Mary Barton. Their other children were MarianneMargaret Emily, known as MetaFlorence Elizabethand Julia Bradford Marianne and Meta boarded at the private school conducted by Rachel Martineausister of Harrieta close friend of Elizabeth.
In March Gaskell began a diary documenting the development of her daughter Marianne: In she co-authored with her husband a cycle of poems, Sketches among the Poorwhich was published in Blackwood's Magazine in January In William Howitt published Visits to Remarkable Places containing a contribution entitled Clopton Hall by "A Lady", the first work written and published solely by her.
In April Howitt published The Rural Life of Englandwhich included a second work titled Notes on Cheshire Customs.
In July the Gaskells travelled to Belgium and Germany. German literature came to have a strong influence on her short stories, the first of which she published in as Libbie Marsh's Three Erasin Howitt's Journalunder the pseudonym "Cotton Mather Mills".
But other influences including Adam Smith's Social Politics enabled a much wider understanding of the cultural milieu in which her works were set. Her second story printed under the pseudonym was The Sexton's Hero. And she made her last use of it inmary howitt short biography, with the publication of her story Christmas Storms and Sunshine.
She began writing her first novel to escape the grief of losing her only son. Mary Barton was ready for publication in October  shortly before they made the move south.
It was an enormous success, selling thousands of copies. Ritchie called it a "great and remarkable sensation.
She brought the teeming slums of manufacturing in Manchester alive to readers as yet unacquainted with crowded narrow alleyways. Her obvious depth of feeling was evident, while her turn of phrase and description sohrt described as the greatest since Jane Austen.
In the Gaskells moved to a villa at 84 Plymouth Grove.
For exercise she would bioraphy walk three miles to help another person in distress. Lyn ynchausti biography Manchester Elizabeth wrote her remaining literary works, while her husband held welfare committees and tutored the poor in his study.
The Gaskells' social circle included writers, journalists, religious dissenters and social reformers such as William and Mary Howitt and Harriet Martineau.
In early Gaskell wrote to Charles Dickens asking for advice about assisting a girl named Pasley whom she had visited in prison. Pasley provided her mary howitt short biography a model for the title character of Ruth in Lizzie Leigh was published in March and Aprilin the first numbers of Dickens's journal Household Wordsin which many of her works were to be published, including Cranford and North and Southher novella My Lady Ludlowand short stories.
This played a significant role in developing Gaskell's own literary career. Her novella Cousin Phyllis was serialised in The Cornhill Magazine from November to February The serialisation of her last novel, Wives and Daughtersbegan in August in The Cornhill. Wives and Daughters was published in book form in earlyfirst in the United States and then, ten days later, in Britain. The house on Plymouth Grove remained in the Gaskell family untilafter which it stood empty and fell into biogtaphy.
The University of Manchester acquired it in and in it was acquired by the Manchester Historic Buildings Trust, which then raised money to restore it. Exterior renovations were completed in and the mary howitt short biography is now open to the public.
On 25 September a memorial to Elizabeth Gaskell was dedicated in Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey. It takes the form of a panel in the Hubbard memorial window, above the tomb of Geoffrey Chaucer. The panel was dedicated by her great-great-great-granddaughter Sarah Prince and a wreath was laid. Manchester City Council have created an award in Gaskell's name, given to recognise women's involvement in charitable work and improvement of lives.
Gaskell's first novel, Mary Bartonwas published anonymously in The best-known of her remaining novels are CranfordNorth and Southand Wives and Daughters Tolis voskopoulos biography became popular for her writing, especially her ghost stories, aided by Charles Dickenswho published her work in his magazine Household Words.
Her ghost stories are in the " Gothic " vein, making them quite distinct from her "industrial" fiction. Biogrwphy though her writing conforms to Victorian conventions, including the use of the name "Mrs Gaskell", she usually framed her stories as critiques of contemporary attitudes. Her early works focused on factory work in the Midlands. She usually emphasised the role of women, with complex orelon sidney biography and realistic female characters.
Unitarianism urges comprehension and tolerance toward all maries howitt short biography and even though Gaskell tried to keep her own beliefs hidden, she felt strongly about these values which permeated her works; in North and South"Margaret biogfaphy Churchwoman, her father the DissenterHiggins the Infidelknelt mary howitt short biography together.
It did biogralhy no harm. Gaskell's style is notable for putting local dialect words into the mouths of middle-class characters and the narrator. In North shogt South Margaret Hale suggests redding up tidying the Bouchers' house and even offers jokingly to teach her mother words such as knobstick strike-breaker. I can't find any other word to express the exact feeling of strange unusual desolate discomfort, and I sometimes "potter" and "mither" people by using biographu.
She also used the mary howitt short biography word " nesh " softwhich goes back to Old Englishin Mary Barton:. Sit you down bilgraphy From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Elizabeth Gaskell Elizabeth Gaskell: Libbie Marsh's Three Eras The Sexton's Hero Christmas Storms and Sunshine Hand and Heart The Well of Pen-Morfa The Heart of John Middleton Disappearances Bessy's Troubles at Home The Old Nurse's Story Cumberland Sheep-Shearers Morton Hall Traits and Stories of the Huguenots My French Master The Squire's Story Half a Life-time Ago Company Manners The Poor Clare The Doom of the Griffiths Right at Last "The Manchester Marriage"  The Haunted House  The Crooked Branch The Half-brothers Curious If True The Grey Woman The Cage at Cranford Crowley Castle The Cambridge Companion to Elizabeth Gaskell; Chronology.
Introduction to The Manchester Marriage. Retrieved 25 April Meta Margaret Emilythe mary howitt short biography daughter, was sent at about the mary howitt short biography age as Marianne to Miss Rachel Martineau, Archived from the mary howitt short biography on 30 September LORD HOUGHTON mary howitt short biography said that the conversation and society to be met with in the house of the Gaskells at Manchester were the one thing which made life in that city tolerable for people of literary tastes.
Miss Meta Gaskell, daughter of Elizabeth Gaskell who died last Sunday The Romantic Impulse in Victorian Fiction. Harvard UP,p. Retrieved 26 January The Norton Anthology of English Literature, The Major Authors: The Romantic Period through the Twentieth Century7th ed.
Infant Feeding nowitt Literature and Society biograhy The Letters of Mrs Gaskell. Works by Elizabeth Gaskell. Mary Barton Cranford —53 Ruth North and South —55 My Lady Ludlow A Dark Night's Work Sylvia's Lovers Cousin Phillis Wives and Daughters The Moorland Cottage The Old Nurse's Story Lizzie Leigh Mqry the Sofa Lois the Witch Harrison's Confessions " The Squire's Story " " Half a Life-time Ago " " An Accursed Race " " The Poor Clare " " The Haunted House " " A House to Let " " The Manchester Marriage " " The Half-brothers " " The Grey Woman " Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: Retrieved from " https: Use British English from January Use dmy dates from April Articles with Project Gutenberg maries howitt short biography Articles with Internet Archive links Articles with LibriVox links AC with 14 elements Wikipedia articles with VIAF identifiers Wikipedia articles with LCCN identifiers Wikipedia articles with ISNI identifiers Ibography articles with GND identifiers Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers Wikipedia articles shogt BNF identifiers Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers Wikipedia articles with NLA identifiers Wikipedia articles with SBN identifiers.
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Elizabeth Cleghorn Stevenson 29 September Chelsea, LondonEngland. Marianne Margaret Emily Meta Florence Elizabeth William Julia Bradford. Company Manners The Poor Clare The Doom of the Griffiths Right at Last "The Manchester Marriage"  The Haunted House  The Crooked Branch The Half-brothers Curious If True The Grey Woman The Cage at Cranford Crowley Castle Library resources about Elizabeth Gaskell.
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