We appreciate support in all forms and are especially grateful for financial support from individuals like you. HTM Four Arrows Draft Historical-Genealogical Report on Pierre Dorion, 10 October Marie Dorion 's Trail Marker in Oregon overbank.mostbook.info Native American Marie Dorion is remembered for her bravery and endurance in leading white men to the Oregon. Pierre Dorion. Pierre Dorion was a Frenchman from Canada. About , he came to work as a fur trader along the Missouri River. He married a Yankton woman. Birth of Perche 'Perechie' Dorion Illinois. Follow Us Be a Fan.
Marie Dorion's Trail Marker in Oregon Oregon. Tulsidas biography in hindi wikipedia American Marie Dorion is remembered for her bravery and endurance in leading white men to the Oregon Territory, when she probably was in her early twenties.
Her epic story shows the strength and perseverance needed to survive alone and against all odds. Also known as Marie Iowa, Marie Aine, Laguivoise, and other names, she probably was born in and definitely belonged to the Iowa tribe.
While still a teenager, she married Pierre Dorion, whose father was French Canadian; his mother was a member of the branch of the Sioux Nation that lived near modern Yankton, South Dakota.Bryan Murray stepping down, Pierre Dorion new Senators GM
Fur trading involved almost constant travel, and Marie often accompanied him on buying and selling trips through what later became the states of North and South Dakota, Nebraska, Iowa, Missouri and even Arkansas.
Both were familiar with several Indian languages, as well as French. Like all North American natives, these were matrilineal societies in which heritage was traced through the mother, not the father. Marie, however, seems not to have used a native name; probably baptized into Catholicism early in her life, she also gave Christian names to her sons, Jean Baptiste and Paul.
Jean Baptiste was five and Paul was a toddler of two when their parents accepted employment as guides and interpreters for the second overland journey of American men to the Pacific Coast. If it were possible to cross the Rocky Mountains and go by land, trade between the Atlantic and Pacific would be greatly increased: In lionel beyeke biography to the knowledge of natural foods and other resources that a woman usually possessed, female presence also indicated peaceful intentions.
A woman was a natural ambassador, and her appearance and speech could help prevent aggression. Marie probably did not yet know that she was pregnant when the young family set out on the long, unmapped journey from Missouri to Oregon. Being the only female doubtless was emotionally difficult, as Native American women spent most of their time in the company of other women.
On December 30,Marie Dorion gave birth to her third child near North Powder, Oregon, but the baby died pierre dorion biography days later. After pierre dorion biography days of mourning and recovering, the Dorion family caught up with the expedition.
They made it to Fort Astoria on February 15,after a tortuous eleven-month trek. Again, Marie Dorion was the only female in the group. In the cold of Januaryshe took a horse and her children and set off for her husband's camp. After three days of fighting through mountainous snow, she reached the campsite — only to find that her husband was dead.
Giles LeClerc, who was badly wounded, told her that the three of them had been attacked that morning while working their traps. Pierre and Jacob Reznor did not survive. Although she desperately tried to save him, he died. More horror greeted her back at the main camp: She was johnny unitas biography in the wildness with her little sons.
Gathering some food supplies, she loaded the boys onto the horse and headed west, away from enemy territory. For three months, Dorion and her children crossed deep snow in the Blue Mountains of what now is eastern Oregon and Washington.
When they were near starvation, she killed and butchered her horse. When it appeared that spring had come, she and her sons again moved west — only to be caught by another blizzard. Finally, they arrived at the Columbia River and found refuge amongst the Walla Walla tribe.
She and the little children had walked some miles. Astor officials did not particularly reward her for the survival skills that this pregnant woman demonstrated under conditions that killed pierre dorion biography men.
Dorion moved north to Fort Okanogan in modern Washington, and bywas married to Louis Joseph Venier. They had a daughter named Marguerite before he, too, was killed by Native Americans. Jean Baptiste Toupin then entered her life, and because Marie lived by a different moral code, she bore two children, Francois and Marianne, prior to their belated marriage.
The artist georgia okeeffe biography of pierre dorion biography children by three men, she had learned independence early in life.
Her son Paul escorted famous writer Francis Parkman on that pujols albert biography, while Jean Baptiste went on to a career with the British Canadian fur-trading Hudson Bay Company. Taken from Young and Brave: National Women's History Museum. Marie Dorion Marie Dorion's Trail Marker in Oregon Oregon. Girls Changing History Works Cited: Ye Galleon Press, Snodgrass, Mary Ellen, in Doris Weatherford, ed.
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Biographies Biography Index Biographies by Category Abolition Movement Activists Athletes American Royalty Architects and Explorers Arts Civil Rights Colonial Period Different Abilities Educators Entrepreneurs Entertainers Environmentalists Explorers and Adventurers First Ladies Firsts Government and Politicians Historians Inventors Journalists Lawyers and Law Military Notorious Women Reform Leaders Religious Leaders Scientists Woman Suffrage Writers.
Online Exhibition Lesson Plans. Quotes Resources And Links Woman Suffrage Timeline. Educational Resources Index Women Who Have Run For President Women's History Posters Ask A Museum Educator Women's History Month American Democracy African American History Book Discussions Videos Online Exhibition Lesson Plans Women's History Quizzes Honoring Amazing Young Women Exhibit Podcasts.