Webarchive template wayback links Wikipedia articles with VIAF identifiers Wikipedia articles with LCCN identifiers Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers. William Francis Giauque: Rođenje: maj Niagara Falls, Ontario, Kanada: National Academy of Sciences biography ; William Giauque Nobel Prize biography. Biography. William Francis Giauque was born in Niagara Falls, Ontario, on May 12, As his parents were U.S. citizens, they returned to the U.S. where he attended. Paste Image Information Here: Niagara Falls , Canada.
He spent virtually all of his educational and professional career at the University of California, Berkeley. William Francis Giauque was born in Niagara Falls, Ontarioon May 12, As his parents were U.
Following the death of his father inthe family returned to Niagara Falls, where he studied at the Niagara Falls Collegiate Institute. After william francis giauque biography, he looked for work in various power plants at Niagara Falls both for financial reasons and to pursue a cole horibe biography in electrical engineering.
He was widely unsuccessful.
Eventually, however, his application was accepted by the Hooker Electro-Chemical Company in Niagara Falls, Boography Yorkwhich led him to employment in their laboratory. He enjoyed the work, and biograohy to become a chemical engineer. After two years of employment, he entered the College of Chemistry francos the University of California, Berkeleywhere he received a bachelor of william francis giauque biography degree with honors in He entered graduate school at Berkeley, becoming a University Fellow — and a James M.
He received the Ph. Although he began university study with an interest in becoming an engineer, he soon developed an interest charles henry wyson biography research under the influence of Professor Gilbert N. Due to his outstanding performance as a student, he became an Instructor of Chemistry at Berkeley in and after passing through various grades of professorship, he frsncis a full Professor of Chemistry in He retired in He became interested in the third law of thermodynamics as a field of research during his experimental research for his Ph.
The principal objective of his researches was to demonstrate through range of appropriate tests that the third law of thermodynamics is a basic natural law. His work with D.
MacDougall between and successfully employed them. He developed a magnetic refrigeration device of his own design in order to achieve this outcome, getting closer to absolute zero than many scientists had thought possible. This trailblazing work, apart from proving one of the fundamental laws of nature led to stronger steel, better gasoline and more efficient processes in a range of industries.
His researches and that of his students included a large number of entropy determinations from low temperature measurements, particularly on condensed gases. The entropies and other biograaphy properties reverend run biography many gases were also determined from quantum statistics and molecular energy levels available from band spectra as well as other sources.
His correlated investigations of the entropy of oxygen with Dr. Johnstonled to the discovery of oxygen isotopes 17 and 18 in the Earth's atmosphere and showed that physicists and chemists had been using different scales of atomic weight for years without recognising it.
InGiauque married Dr. Muriel Frances Ashley and they had two sons. He died on March 28, in Berkeley, California.
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University of California, Berkeley. George Ernest GibsonGilbert N. Elliott Cresson Medal Nobel Prize for Chemistry Willard Gibbs Award